draintheEverglades(U.S. Senate1911). America's Swamp: the Historical Everglades Project. the eastern Everglades and the suburbs from Palm Beach south to Homestead. We just posted about a new batch of The Key West Citizen, but even more pages were just uploaded to Chronicling America!This batch includes January-December 1941, October-December 1942, January-August 1943, March-December 1945, January-December 1946, January-December 1947, and January-July 1949. In 1939, a million acres of Everglades burned. Rapidly growing Fort Lauderdale paid him tribute by naming Broward County after him (the town's original plan had been to name it Everglades County). and 1963, Everglades were divided into basins. levee (C-38) is on the eastern edge of the Everglades and the western edge of traffic jams, school overcrowding, crime, overloaded sewage treatment plants Box 4364, W.P.B., FL 33402  |  As far back as 1847, promoters of south Florida real estate proposed “reclaiming” the Everglades – making it usable, salable, and profitable – by dredging a few canals to drain off excess water. The State of Florida formed the Everglades Drainage District in 1907 and sold large tracts, mostly to land companies, between 1908 and 1910, when they brought the first dredge to Lake Okeechobee. Florida politicians continued to push for drainage and in the early 1900s, John W. Newman led several successful drainage projects in South Florida, some of which encroached on the Everglades. 6 - Doris Davis Forman Wilderness Preserve, 9 - Liberty Park: The Park the People Built, 12 - Camp Telogia, Parkland's "Hidden Gem". Land Boom & Bust  |  For each mile of canal that was cut, about 900 acres of land was drained. Excess lake water periodically spilled over Lake Okeechobee's southern bank on to the Everglades, a huge freshwater marsh that gently led water from the lake toward Florida Bay at the southern the Everglades was divided into sections separated by canals and water control The effects This Credits  |  Although restoration projects are increasing freshwater flows to freshwater and marine wetlands of the Everglades (Arik et al. During his 1904 campaign to be elected governor, Napoleon Bonaparte Broward promised to drain the Everglades, and his later projects were more effective than Disston's. Tustenegee  |  Actually, it was the United States military that began draining the Everglades to try and flush out the Seminole Indians. 1930 and 1937, Hoover Dike was built around Lake Okeechobee’s edge. in South Florida, was a staunch advocate for protection of the Everglades. times of drought. In 1916, he made a run for Governor, but lost the Democrat primary. The destruction and drainage of the Florida Everglades dates back to the 19th century. The history of draining and development of the Everglades dates back to the 19th century. Following another population boom after World War II, Everglades is one of nature's true masterpieces with its 4000 square miles of diverse Much started its draining projects in the 1920s. This surface was now converted to agricultural and urban uses, while the remaining parts of the Everglades were vastly altered by the hydrological changes entailed by … The May Mann Jennings Papers complement those of the two Governors because of her advocacy of the drainage project, and also because of her marriage to Gov. world to experience its natural beauty. Disston sold tracts of land for $5 an acre. Progress  |  But to create farmland, the swampy Everglades had to be drained. Army Corps of Engineers to assist the communities surrounding the lake. of this article was extracted from Draining and Development of the Everglades Nevertheless, cities like Parkland provide farming and inhabitable land. An extended drought occurred in the 1930s,  Formed over In 1907, he formed the Everglades Drainage District so the affected counties could be taxed and pay for the drainage effort. Between When the boom turned to bust in 1929, in part because of devastating hurricanes in 1926 and 1928, all drainage activity in south Florida was stopped. The State of Florida formed the Everglades Drainage District in 1907 and sold large tracts, mostly to land companies, between 1908 and 1910, when they brought the first dredge to Lake Okeechobee. Disclaimer  |  devices that delivered water to agricultural and newly developed urban areas. animals, birds, fish, plants, and reptilian species. provide farming and inhabitable land. the Everglades was divided into sections separated by canals and water control Severe hurricanes in 1926 and 1928 caused catastrophic damage and flooding from Lake Okeechobee. started its draining projects in the 1920s. Although there were no human casualties, cattle and deer In 1881 Hamilton Disston purchased 4,000,000 acres of land from the State of Florida for $1,000,000, or 25 cents per acre. Further partial drainage of the Everglades helped to spur south Florida’s land boom in the 1920s, as more dry land became available for development and canals were dug to reach it. After the Civil War, a Pennsylvania real estate developer named Hamilton Disston was interested in draining the Everglades for agriculture. Native Americans  |  She saw the fate of the Everglades and the Seminoles as intertwined. areas. The first industry in the Glades was fishing for catfish. Today the lake supports sportfishing and has been called the “Bass Fishing Capital of the World.” After the fishing industry died, farming took its place. Fortunately, a slow turnaround has been happening for the Miami Everglades. wildlife-rich wetlands are half the size they were when the federal government Furthermore, the historical hydrology and low hurricanes and a wet season responsible for 100 inches of rain, ending the Copyright  |  A barge at Canal Point. of the dike were seen immediately. Army Corps of Engineers to assist the communities surrounding the lake. Although the U.S. Congress had granted the Everglades land to the State of Florida in 1850, it wasn’t until 1903 that a patent solidified their title. ditches removing other water, the Everglades The story of the Everglades epitomizes government programs gone awry. Parkland’s Her resolve to protect Seminole culture led to the passing of a Florida Seminole Land bill that preserved 100,000 acres of undrained Everglades land for Seminole use. Everglades, owe their existence to almost 200 years of. May Mann Jennings, regardless of her husband, William Sherman Jennings’ interests in wiping out the natural ecosystem, worked to get Royal Palm Hammock in Paradise Key designated as a state park. ditches removing other water, the Everglades Timeline During the 1840s the Florida state legislature declared that the Everglades, long viewed as having no value, could be repurposed and turned into profitable farmland. The canals also supplied a new means of transportation. A pattern of political and financial motivation and a lack of understanding of the geography and ecology of the Everglades plagued the history of drainage projects. People  |  management: levees, water storage areas, canal improvements, and large pumps to Natural water flow from Lake Okeechobee to the gulf Drainage of wetlands for agriculture Decrease in N and P … Much The report provided the supporting information that eventually led to the passing of Senate Bill 338 in which the U.S. government officially authorized the Everglades drainage. thousands of years, its waters and vegetation provide home to thousands of E-L  |, phone: 561.832.4164  |  This bill represents the first siege in a long series of assaults to the Everglades ecosystem and is just one of the many important documents linked to Seminole history preserved in the museum’s archive. The drainage of the Everglades began in 1906 with the hope that at least 500,000 acres of wetlands would be converted to fertile soil for farming. The Everglades is a vast wetland ecosystem located in southern Florida, commonly known as the “River of Grass”.It serves as a hub for biodiversity, as it is home to many different walks of life (animals, plants, and microorganisms), some of which are rare, endangered, or native only to the Everglades. stations and levees were built within three decades. But by 1912 Lake Okeechobee had been fished out and the industry was gone. Written by James Weiss; Edited by Ira Goldman; Parkland Historical Society President Jeff Schwartz; The Florida Within four years property values doubled, and the population increased significantly. flow, the water is contaminated by fertilizer and other runoff, and the from the Wikipedia internet site, www.wikipedia.org.  Marjory Stoneman Douglas, who made her home Nevertheless, cities like Parkland Agriculture  |  Minnie Moore-Willson’s opposition to drainage was born through her interactions with the Seminoles. became parched. Between fax: 561.832.7965  |  With plentiful crops, beef and dairy products assured, the state was set for the metropolitan and industrial expansion that … However, the canals easily got clogged with silt (dirt), so when roads and railroads connected to Lake Okeechobee, travel on the canals stopped. Over 1,000 miles of canals and hundreds of pumping visit: 300 N. 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